Saturday, February 11, 2017

Gordon-Van Tine Stratford in Washington, DC

gordon van tine cabot stratford 633
Authenticated Gordon-Van Tine Stratford • 1928 •  3609 Martin Luther King Jr. Avenue SE, Washington, DC
gordon van tine stratford 1929
From my 1929 Gordon-Van Tine Plan-Cut Homes catalog
What better house to highlight during Black History Month, than a house in our nation's capital, on Martin Luther King, Jr. Avenue?   I'm excited to present a rare authenticated Gordon-Van Tine Stratford, authenticated with a building permit.

Built in 1928, this house was first owned by Lawrence J. Reinhart, Jr., and he lived here with his parents, Lawrence J. Reinhart, Sr., and his mother, Stella. The house originally sat on Nichols Avenue SE, but the name of the street was changed, at some point after the 1960s, to Martin Luther King, Jr. Avenue. 


I found the Reinharts in the 1935 city directory for Washington, DC, and the house number given for them was 3609, so... voilĂ  ! I learned the previous name of the street.  The 1930 and 1940 census also list the family at this address. Though Lawrence J. Reinhart, Sr., is shown on the census as head of house, the name on the building permit is Lawrence J. Reinhart, Jr.






Lawrence J. Reinhart and Stella Reinhart
Here are the Reinharts (at the top) in the 1930 census, shown at 3609 Nichols Avenue SE.

building permit for Gordon Van Tine home in Washington DC
From the Washington, D.C. building permits collections.
What Is the Name of This Gordon-Van Tine Model?
This house went by three names over the years, with two floor plans:

• 1926: No. 633
• 1927: No. 633, and No. 633B
• 1929: Stratford (A and B plans)
• 1931: Stratford (A and B plans)
• 1936: Cabot  (A and B plans)
(It was also the same as the Wardway Mount Vernon, through 1931)

The same model was also marketed by Wardway homes (though cut, assembled, and shipped from the GVT factory for them) as the Mount Vernon.  This home in D.C., however, is definitely a Gordon-Van Tine, because we have it authenticated through a building permit, showing "Van Tine (Gordon) Co." as the Architect and Builder, and it is the first authenticated GVT of this model, that we have on our national database -- that's what makes it a rare find. We rarely come across authenticating materials for Gordon-Van Tine homes, because we don't find mortgages for them, and that's one of the chief methods for us of authenticating homes. Nonetheless,  I have blogged previously about a GVT No. 140 that was authenticated through blueprints (sent to me by the owner), and we've found a few through testimonials sent in by satisfied customers to the Gordon-Van Tine company, and shown in their catalogs.  So, finding a house with a GVT building permit is a very satisfying find.  Using the same resource, I also recently found, and blogged about, a GVT No. 619 that was also authenticated through its building permit.  This GVT Cabot/Stratford/633 is the first authenticated example of this model that we have ever found. (EDIT: Before this blog post was finished, a fellow researcher located a testimonial Stratford/No. 633 that I show below, so we now have two authenticated ones!)



Gordon-Van Tine no 633 1926 catalog
The Model No. 633, shown in the 1926 GVT catalog.
Gordon-Van Tine Stratford 1929 catalog
The same model, marketed as the Stratford, as shown in my 1929 catalog.


Gordon-Van Tine Cabot 1929 sale catalog
And, here's the same model, marketed in a special "sale" catalog, that we think is from 1929...
but, the house was still being marketed in the regular 1929 catalog, and the 1931 catalog, as the Stratford.
gvt special sale catalog cover 1929
Here's the cover of what is thought to be a 1929 special sale catalog from GVT.
We don't find the date shown anywhere in the catalog. (source: Archive.org)
Our Stratford/633 is shown in here as the Cabot.
The 1936 catalog has the nicest listing, because it shows the two floor plans in a sort of 3-D model, making it much easier to imagine the feel of the house.  Let's take a look:
Gordon-Van Tine Cabot 1936 catalog
Gordon-Van Tine 1936 catalog, showing the Cabot. (source: Archive.org)

Gordon-Van Tine Cabot 1936 catalog

Let's see how the floor plan looks from the outside, on our DC house.  You can see how the window pattern follows what is shown in the larger, B,  floor plan, along this chimney side, and then the back of the house (photos from Google maps streetview, and Bing maps).  It looks like the Reinhart family may have opted to finish off the upstairs, to add two more bedrooms up there, since we see that window on the side:
authenticated Gordon-Van Tine Cabot Stratford or No. 633 plan Bauthenticated Gordon-Van Tine Cabot Stratford or No. 633 plan B


authenticated Gordon-Van Tine Cabot Stratford or No. 633 plan B

Three Other Authenticated GVTs: Cascade, Evanston, and Stratford Models
While browsing the catalogs to find the different names of this model, I ran across this little mention in the 1929 catalog, of three homes built by satisfied customers:
Gordon-Van Tine testimonial houses

It was pretty easy to find the home of Ralph S. King, in Battle Creek, Michigan... and here it is today, a Gordon-Van Tine Cascade -- a home I've never seen an example of before, and it's the first on our national database :
Gordon-Van Tine Cascade testimonial of Ralph S. King
40 Maryland Drive, Battle Creek, Michigan
Authenticated Gordon-Van Tine Cascade model, owned by Ralph S. King.
Right down the street, is what almost looks like another GVT Cabot or Stratford... but, I'm not sure that the side windows are correct... but, it sure looks good from the front, with the exact same front porch roof, and original medallion over the door.

While we're at it, though, here are the other two homes shown in the little testimonial blurb above, located by our researcher friend, Dale Haynes:

The GVT Evanston (earlier known as the No. 502), at 402 S. Tennessee Street, Danville, Indiana, that was the home of Ora A. Huron, and her husband, Alva:
Gordon-Van Tine Evanston model Danville IN

Gordon-Van Tine Evanston model Danville IN

Gordon-Van Tine Evanston model Danville IN

And, Dale also found us the GVT Stratford (also the B plan), at 139 Fish Hatchery Road, Story, Wyoming (sorry for the quality of the photos... Google Street view, zoomed in)!:
gordon-van tine stratford testimonial 139 fish hatchery road story wyoming

gordon-van tine stratford testimonial 139 fish hatchery road story wyoming

gordon-van tine stratford testimonial 139 fish hatchery road story wyoming
I just wanted to show how lost in the wilderness the house is :) 
Next Door To The GVT Stratford: 
A Chicago House Wrecking Company Model No. 6A
Right next door to the GVT house on Martin Luther King Jr. Avenue, is a 1909 house that looks surely to be a Model No. 6A.  Given the build date of 1909 (as shown on the building permit), this would have to be the era when the only company marketing this model, was Chicago House Wrecking Company. They eventually changed their name to Harris Homes (in 1916, I believe... or 1913.... but a few years after 1909), and Harris marketed this same model, as the J6 (although the J actually has to do with the year of the catalog, so it was still just the Model No. 6).  Later, Wardway, too, had a very similar version.
Chicago House Wrecking Company model 6A
The front porch has been extended to wrap a bit around the turret side of the house,
so it has lost the little front peaked gable over the entry spot to the porch.
3611 Martin Luther King Jr. Avenue SE, Washington, DC
(formerly Nichols Street SE)

Chicago House Wrecking Company model 6A 1913 catalog
Here is the house, shown in the 1913 Chicago House Wrecking Company catalog.
(Source: Archive.org)

The fact that the building permit does not list an architect is often a clue that the house was from a kit company.
Interestingly, though the original owner is shown to be James A. Marceron, it was actually Julian A. Marceron who lived in this house, as shown by the 1920 Census (and, James A. Marceron is shown at an address on 14th Street Southeast in the 19-teens and later).
Here's Julian A. Marceron, at 3611 Nichols Avenue SE, in 1920.
More GVT Houses
If you'd like to see more Gordon-Van Tine models, check out this bonanza of 10 authenticated models found by researcher Cindy Catanzaro, in Zanesville, Ohio, and blogged about in her blog, Sears Houses in Ohio.  She found these through newspaper research. It's a great bunch of homes, still in nice shape, and worth a look!

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