Saturday, December 3, 2016

Two Pittsburgh Mail-Order Homes: Sears Arlington and Aladdin Pomona

206 Waldorf Street, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania • 1922 Sears Arlington (not authenticated)
This week, my researcher friends and I did a little bit of searching in and around Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.  Andrew Mutch, of Kit House Hunters, ran across another Sears Elmhurst, and I came across this probable Sears Arlington.  In addition to Sears, Aladdin Homes were represented, as I came across a real estate listing for a cute little dark blue Aladdin Pomona, and the newest member of our research group, Sara, brought an Aladdin Shadow Lawn to our attention. I'll save the Shadow Lawn for another day, but let's take a look at the Arlington, and the Pomona!

Sears Arlington
Pittsburgh has many many many homes made of brick, so it's not surprising that we would find that our newest Arlington on the National Database of Sears Homes, is a brick veneer example.  

In January, I wrote a post about three wonderful old Arlingtons, all in a row, found by our young researcher friend, Nigel.  I explained a bit about the background of Sears' offering of this model:


The suspected Arlington at 206 Waldorf Street, is listed on the Allegheny county website as being built in 1925 (Pittsburgh seems to like to give their build dates ending in 0 or 5... they don't seem to be particularly reliable, though.) What I found, with a little bit of newspaper research, was that F. O. Wettach took out a building permit for this address in 1922, and he also put an ad in the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette that year, looking for a laborer at this address. 
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Sept. 03, 1922, page 31
(source: Newspapers.com)
We can always recognize a Sears Arlington by its wide front dormer, with four full-size windows, and two ornamented peaks, looking a good bit like cat ears.  It also has a peak roof bumpout on the right side, with three long windows, as well as an exposed chimney on that side, with two connected full-size windows behind it. You can see all of that on our house on Waldorf Street, and then in the catalog image, below it:


sears arlington in pittsburgh pa
Craftsman-style tracery in the cat-ear dormer peaks,
is a wonderful part of the look of the Sears Arlington.


The left side elevation of the Arlington should have a side entry door, and a kind of complicated set of windows, looking not very evenly distributed... and this house has that:
Sears Arlington model
Left elevation of the Sears Arlington.
Though we don't have a Sears mortgage for this house, or blueprints, or any other documentation that this is a Sears home, inside, we do see a fireplace mantel that matches one offered by Sears, as well as a built-in china cabinet with leaded glass in a style also offered by Sears.
1929 Sears Building Material catalog
The 1929 Sears Building Materials catalog.

The cabinet on the right is shown in the Waldorf Street house.

Source: 1929 Sears Building Materials catalog on Archive.org
And, though the brickwork design on the fireplace itself is different, this looks like the mantel offered by Sears. Two of our researcher friends have the same mantel in their Sears Hamiltons.
Here are a few more photos from the Zillow real estate listing (by the way, the house is currently for sale, if you're looking!). Click to enlarge:
Sears Arlington
Great for porching!

Sears Arlington
Such wonderful original woodwork, and spacious rooms.

Sears Arlington
What a beautifully well-kept back yard! Great back porch.
Aladdin Pomona
On another street, in a different neighborhood of Pittsburgh, I ran across this recently renovated little Aladdin Pomona!  I'm not quite sure of the build date, but the county website says 1920, if we can trust that.
Aladdin Pomona
403 Marshall Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania • probable Aladdin Pomona
Real estate images: source

Aladdin Pomona
From my 1918 Aladdin catalog.

Aladdin Pomona

Aladdin Pomona

Aladdin Pomona

Thanks to Daily Bungalow, we have this great image from the 1918 Aladdin catalog, showing the living room and dining room in the Pomona:
Daily Bungalow 1918 Aladdin catalog Pomona interior
You can click to enlarge, or go directly to Daily Bungalow's Flickr page, to see it full size.
TWO POMONA FLOOR PLANS
The Pomona had two very similar floor plans, with the second one allowing for a staircase to lead up to two upstairs bedrooms. I believe that our Pittsburgh Pomona is plan number 2, and the real estate listing does show a finished upstairs.
Aladdin Pomona
Pomona plan No. 1

Aladdin Pomona
Pomona plan No. 2.

Aladdin Pomona

Aladdin Pomona

Aladdin Pomona
Surely an Aladdin garage. It matches the Peerless model nicely!
Aladdin Peerless garage, as shown in my 1920 Aladdin catalog.

For more information about the Aladdin Homes company of Bay City, Michigan, take a look at this previous blog post of mine, which also shows a Pomona in Greenfield, Illinois.

Thursday, November 24, 2016

Gordon-Van Tine No. 140 -- Thanks, Atlas Obscura!

GVT model No. 140
Authenticated Gordon-Van Tine model No. 140 • circa 1916 • 5964 Shafer Road, Dansville, New York
(photo courtesy of Jeff Miller -- do not use photo without linking to this blog post as source)
Back in June (2016), Atlas Obscura did a nice little article in the blog section of their website, about Sears homes.  Writer Cara Giaimo contacted our Sears Modern Homes Facebook page, asking for interviews, and we happily obliged. The blog post especially featured our researcher friends Andrew and Wendy Mutch (Kit House Hunters), and my blog was mentioned, too. Then, just recently, on the Atlas Obscura Facebook page, they re-ran that article, and there was, again, a great response. So many folks commented to share their stories of Sears homes that they are aware of. 

GVT Standard Home No. 140 from the 1916 catalog
Gordon-Van Tine model No. 140, from the 1916 GVT Standard Homes Catalog.
Jeff Miller's GVT No. 140
(photo courtesy of Jeff Miller -- please do not use without appropriate citation,
and a link to this blog post as source)

Of course, the term Sears House has (erroneously) become synonymous with mail-order-kit-house, because most folks (who aren't as fanatical about them interested in them, as I, and my researcher friends, are) don't know that there were a number of major companies offering order-from-a-catalog-get-a-whole-kit-of-the-building-supplies houses.  Gordon-Van Tine was one of those companies. And, thanks to a comment from Jeff Miller, of Dansville, New York, we have this beautiful Gordon-Van Tine model No. 140 home to show you.
Montgomery Ward also sold kit houses, but Jeff's house has GVT blue prints!  
Somewhere along the way, Jeff had been told that his house was a kit house made by Montgomery Ward.  That's an easy mistake, because Montgomery Ward homes were actually made by the lumber company/mail-order-house company, Gordon-Van Tine. As a result,  both companies marketed many of the exact same homes, under different names.  But, we know that Jeff Miller's house in Dansville, New York, is a GVT (short-hand we use to refer to the Gordon-Van Tine company) model, because he has BLUEPRINTS! Yes, I wrote that in all caps, because, yes, I am REALLY excited to see blueprints for one of our mail-order houses :)
rebecca L. hunter montgomery ward kithouse.org
Leading researcher (and Renaissance woman) Rebecca L. Hunter, explains a bit about the history of Montgomery Ward mail-order homes, on her website, KitHouse.org.
I did a little research, looking through some Gordon-Van Tine catalogs, and found several similar houses to Jeff's.  However, his blueprints had "G.V.T. PLAN No. 14..." written on them (cut off at the 4), so it was clear that the model number must be a 140 or a 142 or something like that.  
Blue print for GVT model no. 140

I quickly found that the GVT catalogs after the Standard Homes 1916 catalog, all had model numbers higher than the 140s (for example, the GVT 1916 Ready-Cut homes catalog, mostly had model numbers in the 500s), so I was able to narrow my search to that year's catalog, which had numbers in the 100s and 300s.  
Gordon-Van Tine 1916 catalog standard homes
The GVT 1916 Standard (not ready-cut) homes catalog
I have scanned versions of many of the Gordon-Van Tine catalogs, but, thanks to Archive.org, you can see quite a few of them online. Daily Bungalow's Flickr albums also serve as a wonderful resource of GVT, Sears, Montgomery Ward, and other house catalogs, as does their Antique Home website.  If you would like to peruse the numerous house catalogs available online, I have a list of them, categorized by company, and by catalog year, on this blog post of mine (the link is also always available in the links on the right side of my blog).

More information from researcher Rebecca L. Hunter, KitHouse.org.
Jeff shared several personal photos of his house with me, including some shots of the blueprints, so let's take a look (please remember to cite this blog post, and Jeff Miller, and link here as your source, if you share any of these photos). I'll post some catalog pages, too (click on any image, to enlarge):
gordon van tine no 140

blue prints gordon van tine no 140
Front and right elevation, GVT No. 140.
gordon van tine no 140
blue prints gordon van tine no 140
Front and right elevation, again --
... front and right of Jeff's house, shown below
gordon van tine no 140

gordon van tine no 140
Right side elevation, and rear addition.
blue prints gordon van tine no 140
Rear and left elevation.
gordon van tine no 140
You can see the side entry door here,
and the two small windows on this side, just as shown on the blue print!
Obviously, the back door now opens into the addition.
gordon van tine no 140
From the 1916 GVT Standard Homes catalog 
gordon van tine no 140 blue prints
And, here are the blue-print versions of those floor plans, shown in the catalog.  On the left, is the basement. That big thing in the center of the basement, with "arms" coming off of it, is, I believe, a FIRE-KING furnace, as shown in a page from that 1916 catalog, below.
Note the FIRE-KING Furnace, from this page of the 1916 Standard Homes catalog. (Source)
Let's see if we can get a closer view of each of the floor plans on the blue prints:
gordon van tine no 140 blue prints
First Story Plan -- note that nice, big porch that spans the entire width of the house.
 Here is a view of the entry hall and staircase, from the living room (indicated in yellow on the blue print below):
gordon van tine no 140
(click to enlarge)
gordon van tine no 140 blue prints first floor

Even though we know for certain that this house is a Gordon-Van Tine company house, it's fun to match interior woodwork to the offerings in the catalog. For example, here is the staircase, matched to a newel and baluster offered by GVT in their 1918 building supplies catalog:
gordon van tine staircase
Here is the 1918 GVT building supplies catalog, and you can find staircase options from pages 53-56.
And, here is the living room, looking into the dining room (indicated in orange on the blue print above):
gordon van tine no 140

Second floor:
gordon van tine no 140 blue prints
Second Story Plan
 And, cellar:
gordon van tine no 140 blue prints
Cellar Plan
Here are a few pages from that catalog, showing the details of what was offered when you bought your Standard Home from Gordon-Van Tine:
Source
Source
Source

Who First Lived In This GVT No. 140?

I did have clarification from Jeff Miller that they do not know the year that the house was built (see conversation snippet, below). He told me that he could never find that information on the abstract for the house, nor in any paperwork related to the house, and it wasn't on the blueprints.  The county records say "1900", but when county assessor records say that for a house, it's almost always a guesstimate, given when there are no records on file for the exact year of build, but the guess is that it was in the very early 1900s. At least, that's what we've found time and again. I gave a "circa 1916" build year for the house, because I found the model in the 1916 catalog, and not in later years, so we know that it was not later than that.  But... was it before that? 
build date not found
This point was clarified for me in a conversation today with Jeff Miller.
If you follow my census research, below, you'll see that I have found that the house was almost definitely not yet built in 1915. Let me explain.

Jeff did tell me that he understands the land to have been in the name of the family whose farm gave name to the road: Shafer. And, that town lore says that it was maybe built as a wedding gift for the Shafer family's daughter.  Armed with that information, I did some searching on Ancestry.com.


The Shafer family in 1900, in Sparta Township, New York (where Dansville is).
What I found, was that the farm was owned by James Shafer, and his wife Rose.  I found that they had two children, a son, Carl, and a daughter, Eva (though she is listed as Allie in the 1900 census).  I learned from the 1929 obituary for Rose Shafer, that her daughter's married name was Eva L. Traxler, whose husband was Leonard G. Traxler.
1929 obituary of Rose Shafer, wife of James Shafer, Dansville, NY
Democrat and Chronicle, Rochester, NY
November 2, 1929, page 12
Jeff Miller had also told me that the house next door to his No. 140, was the original Shafer family farm house. And... the 1920 census puts James and Rose Shafer living next door to (their daughter) Eva and Leonard Traxler. The census doesn't give street addresses, or even a street name, just that they live on a farm. So, I would say that the original family to live in Jeff Miller's Gordon-Van Tine No. 140, was Eva L. Shafer Traxler, her husband, Leonard Guy Traxler, and their little girl, Lena!

1920 Sparta Township census for the Shafer and Traxler families.  Their daughter, Lena, was 7 in 1920.
But, in terms of build year, here's what is interesting: The 1910 U. S. census shows Eva and Leonard Traxler already married-- probably newly married, since she was only 20 that year, and their daughter wasn't yet born. And, they are shown living on some street that does not show the Shafers next door... so, the No. 140 was not built as a wedding gift... at least, not at the time of their marriage.
This is the 1910 U. S. census. The young Traxler couple are not yet living next to the Shafers.
The 1915 New York census shows both the Shafer family (James and Rose), and the young Traxler family, living NOT on the farm on Shafer Road, but on Stong Road, which is a little bit away from Shafer Road. So, it's possible that the Shafers did not move to a home on the family farmland property on Shafer road before 1915, AND the GVT No. 140, was apparently not built until after 1915, on that family land on Shafer Road.  I think that's pretty good, documented proof that the Miller's GVT No. 140 house was not built before 1915. 

The Shafers and Leonard Traxler are at the bottom of the page,
and Eva and little Lena follow, on the top of the next page, as shown below.
Here are Eva Traxler and her little daughter, Lena, at the top of the next page of the 1915 New York State census page, following the one shown above. All on Stong Road -- not yet on Shafer Road.

And, here is Shafer Road, showing where it is situated in relation to Stong Hill Road:

The Traxlers are buried in Greenmount Cemetary, in Dansville.



Other Similar Gordon-Van Tine Models
The 1916 Ready-Cut Homes catalog by GVT.
Gordon Van-Tine also offered a catalog in 1916 of Ready-Cut homes. These were models that you could buy as pre-cut kits (most were also offered as Standard homes, not ready-cut, at a lower price), and 1916 was the first year that GVT offered this service. In the Ready-Cut 1916 catalog, GVT offered a model that is almost exactly the same as the No. 140, but with a reverse floor plan, and a few other minor changes (closet placement, vent chimney placement, etc.). 

Ready-Cut model No. 519, on the right, was the reverse plan to the Standard Home No. 140. Both were offered in 1916.
(click to enlarge)
Here is how the floor plans compared:
gvt 140 gvt 519 first floor plans
There is an extra window in the back, on the No. 140, and a window added to the wall at the foot of staircase,
on the No. 519.  The placement of the vent chimney, and the entry into the kitchen from the dining room, are slightly different, as is the placement of the doorway into the living room, from the hall.
gvt 140 gvt 519 2nd Floor Plans
The location of the heating system chimney vent is different, as is the size of the closet for one of the back bedrooms.
GVT No. 547 • 1927
In the 1927 GVT Ready-Cut catalog, there was offered the very similar (at first glance) model No. 547... but, there are definite differences from the No. 140 and No. 519:
gvt no 547 compared to gvt no 140
From the 1927 Catalog, the Ready-Cut No. 547
(click to enlarge)
GVT No. 501 • 1916 Ready-Cut
The Ready-Cut 1916 catalog also offered the No. 501. It is more similar to the later No. 547, and, from the exterior, the only obvious difference is the size of the third dormer-side window (for the kitchen):
gvt no 501 compared to gvt no 547
GVT No. 501 from the 1916 Ready-Cut catalog, compared to the No. 547 from 1927.
(click to enlarge)
Here is a comparison of the 1916 Ready-Cut No. 501's first floor, against the 1927 No. 547's first floor plan. The differences are mainly the addition of a closet for the 1st-floor bedroom (in 1927), and the slight change in placement of the entry into the kitchen, from the pantry:
The second-floor plan of both the 501 and the 547 is almost identical, with closets indicated or shown, and the size of the bedrooms differing by three inches, for some reason:
2nd floor comparison between GVT No. 501 and No. 547

The 1916 Standard Home version of the 1916 ready-cut No. 501, was the No. 197... indistinguishable from its ready-cut twin, except for its reverse floor plan: 
GVT Standard Home No. 197 1916
From the 1916 GVT Standard Home catalog.
Thanks very much, Jeff Miller, for sharing your house and blue print photos with me, and allowing me to blog about them!

More Information About Gordon-Van Tine
If you are interested in more information about the Gordon-Van Tine company, here are a few links: