Wednesday, July 29, 2015

Sears No. 178 In Iowa

sears house model number 178
Sears model No. 178 • 901 State Street, Guthrie Center, Iowa • 1910
I was incredibly excited to run across this 1910 Sears model No. 178.

Back in June, I came across this incredible house, in Guthrie Center, Iowa.  I had found another Sears house here, and thought I'd take a look around some more.  When I stumbled upon this No. 178, my jaw dropped and my eyes bugged out, and I gasped. I'm sure I gasped.  The funny thing, is that I had seen this house numerous times in the catalogs, and remember thinking to myself, "This is such an odd-looking house, that I bet it's one that no one ever even built." And... here it is!

sears modern homes catalog 1914
From my 1914 Sears Modern Homes catalog, page 44.
Because it isn't a testimonial house, or one whose mortgage deed I've found, it isn't authenticated. But, many of our Sears homes finds are not able to be authenticated.  It is good, and important, however, to check some basic information, like the all-important footprint.  If tax records show a house to be several feet bigger in one direction or another, than the floor plan footprint shown in the catalog, you have to wonder about whether it is, indeed, a Sears.

So, I did my duty, and checked the tax records. Once again, though, I had great trouble finding the exact address of this house, despite a good bit of playing around with Google maps.  In fact, I did get, eventually, that the house number is 901, but, if you plug in "901 State Street" for this town, into a search for a possible real estate listing, you don't get this house, you get the one across the street. Throws you off!

sears modern homes 1914 milton floorplan
This is the floor plan for either the model No. 264P210, or for this one, the No. 178.
Comparison of the footprint images.
The tax records show that this house is a good match in size.  It's 42' wide, and 24' deep (discounting the several feet of depth for the bay window)... though the catalog shows 23'. Sometimes, I think, the tax folks measure outside, and then they also round off, and the catalog folks are showing inside measurements, so you get a little bit bigger measurement from the tax records sometimes, because of the siding materials.

More photos (all from Google maps, so none of them are the best shots, but they do show the details we need to see):

sears model milton or 178
The roof eave on the side is deep enough to accommodate the gable build-out that the catalog shows, but they apparently opted not to include that.
The chimney is great. And, it matches the design of the chimney in the catalog! The windows match, too.
Matching chimney design!
Even little details like the tracery work above the arched opening on the side of the porch, match:

Love the tracery detail.
Notice the triple windows.
The triple windows that you see in the back, center, upper floor, bring light in to shine on the upper-floor center hall, and the large staircase. I wish I could see this house's interior. I'd love to see that roomy center hall on the second floor.

That's a bay window there, on the right side of the porch -- on both levels!
The windows on the right side, follow the floor plan layout for windows. That's a dining room there in the front, on this side, with a bay window there on the first floor, but also above, in the front bedroom.

sears house 178_stonekote
Straight-on view of the front. The house is missing the little "wings" at the top of the columns, but, the owners may have opted against having those, especially with this "Stonekote" exterior. 
Stonekote
It looks like the exterior of this house is probably the gritty cement substance known as Stonekote, which Sears mentioned in their catalogs.  According to the Garden City Sand Company, in their advertisement in "Sweet's" Catalogue of Building Construction for 1911 , it "is a ready to use Portland cement... made with White Silica Sand".
(Source)
Buying This House In 1910
According to Houses By Mail, this house wasn't in the catalog until 1911, and it was last offered in 1913.  But, the tax records give 1910 as the build year of this house, and I also have this model in my 1914 catalog. So, HBM is a bit off-- and/or, the tax records reflect when the original owners bought the plot of land. In any case, it was only offered in the not-yet-kit-home era, meaning that, though you'd get the plans, and (almost) all of the materials to build it, the lumber wouldn't have been pre-cut, and labeled, for ease of construction. That pre-cut-and-fitted option didn't start until about 1916.  In 1910, Sears estimated that, after buying the plans and materials from them for $1,440, with "a fair price for labor, cement, brick, and plaster, which we do not furnish", you could build this house for a total of $3,200.



And, they offered a chart for heating, plumbing, and light options, which were all additional costs:



The No. 264P210 (The Sears Milton)
The No. 178 appears in the 1914 catalog, on the same page as the No. 264P210 (later re-named The Milton), and Sears wrote that the two models shared the same floor plan, and, for no additional cost, you could choose either front design:

Either exterior, same floor plan, same price.
There is a 264P210 in Virginia: The Milton House Bed & Breakfast Inn, at 113 W. Main Street, Stanley, Virginia. It was recently up for sale, so I'm not sure if it is still in business, but here is the house:
sears_milton_bed_and_breakfast_virginia_264p210
It's funny that I ran across this on my own tonight, and didn't realize that it was already on our National Database of Sears Homes, because I was looking under, "No. 264P210", and not under, "Milton" -- I didn't realize that this model was the Milton! Ha! Always learning :) And, apparently, someone sent this home to another blogger, and its images were posted here, in 2012.
(Image Source

These last two are from the Trip Advisor website.
The No. 124
A similar house to the No. 178, is the maybe-not-quite-two-full-stories bungalow model No. 124. The 124 only has the bay window on the first floor.

sears model 124 in 1914 sears catalog
From page 33 of my 1914 Sears Modern Homes Catalog.
sears house model 124 floor plan


From reader comments on a blog post at Searshomes.org (Rose Thornton's blog), I learned that there is a No. 124 in Medina, Ohio:
528 E. Washington Avenue, Medina, Ohio
And one at 913 Washington Avenue, in Rensselaer, New York, which has recently been for sale (see the Trulia listing here). There are some gorgeous interior photos of that house, so I'll close with those.  They should give you a good idea of what the interior of our Guthrie Center, Iowa, No. 178 might have looked like (they don't have the exact same layout, but the look of the interior would have been similar (Click any to enlarge them.)


913 washington ave rensselaer new york for sale










Saturday, July 25, 2015

Sears Collingwood: Testimonial House of F. R. Lyman

sears house testimonial f r lyman south hadley mass
Testimonial in the 1940 Sears Modern Homes Catalog
This testimonial in my 1940 Sears Modern Homes catalog, did not mention the model name of the Sears house it referred to, nor did it show an image of the house. Either of those things would have made hunting for the house easier, of course.

I don't know whether or not the testimonial appeared in an earlier catalog (Sears, and likewise, Gordon-Van Tine, repeated their testimonials from catalog to catalog, and flyer to flyer), but, I don't believe that any more information was given than this, even if it did appear earlier than 1940. Why? Because respected researcher Rebecca Hunter, on page 40 of her book, Putting Sears Homes On The Map: A Compilation of Testimonials Published In Sears Catalogs 1908-1940, listed this South Hadley testimonial of F. R. Lyman with simply, "?" under the "Model Name" column.

Nonetheless, I have found F. R. Lyman's house, and it is a Sears Collingwood, built in 1938, at 65 Hockanum Road, South Hadley, Massachusetts. But it wasn't a 1-2-3, easy-as-pie search, because that little detail -- the house number -- took a good bit of digging to find out.

Why? Because none of the census data, nor any of the city directories, used a street number for their listings for Mr. Lyman.  Using these resources, I found that F. R. Lyman was Fred R. Lyman, and I found that he lived on Hockanum Road... where he is listed as living in 1900 -1950. But, until 1940, though listed as living on that same road, he was always listed as renting the home in which he lived - and I found him first as listed with a wife named Ellen, in 1910.  However, by the 1920 census, he was a 48-year-old widower, with boarders, having also a 30-year old housekeeper (and her daughter) living on the property.  His housekeeper, herself, was a widow.
lyman family history hockanum road
1910 Census, showing Fred and first wife, Ellen, and their son, Earl.  Another Lyman, possibly Fred's brother, Enos, lived on the same street. None of these houses on Hockanum Road were listed with house numbers, until about 1950.
lyman family history 1920
The 1920 census shows Ida as a live-in housekeeper, with her 10-year-old daughter living there, as well, along with some boarders.  The property where Fred lives is a farm, that he is renting,  on Hockanum Road in Hadley.
By the 1940 census, I found that his housekeeper, Ida V., was now listed as his wife. I still hadn't found the street number, but, by 1940, I knew that Fred was listed as owning his house, so, I knew that somewhere in the 1930s, Fred R. Lyman had had a Sears house built, somewhere on Hockanum Road, in South Hadley, Massachusetts.

lyman family history south hadley
This is from the 1940 census, showing, now, Ida as Fred's wife, and a little "o" next to "head [of household]", showing that Fred owned his home on Hockanum Road. Still, though, no house numbers!
Armed with all of that information, I started searching city directories. I hadn't had much luck at first, with the city directories, because I was just using "F. R. Lyman". There were many Lymans in Hampshire County, Massachusetts, and, there were pages of lists, from many years, to wade through, with all sorts of Lymans, in any number of towns in Hampshire County, and elsewhere.  But, once I knew that he was Fred R. , and, then,  that his wife in 1940 was Ida, and that he owned his home by 1940, it helped narrow down the search criteria for the city directories, and I finally got hits for Fred and Ida. But... they were not giving Fred's town as South Hadley! They were giving it as Amherst.

lyman family history 1920s
The narrowed-down list from Ancestry.com, of city directory listings for Fred R. and Ida B. Lyman.
Google Driving and A Final City-Directory Success 
At the same time that I was trying to narrow-down the search via city directories, I was also Google driving Hockanum Road, hoping to spot a house that I would recognize as a Sears model. I was thrown a bit by the Amherst label for the Lymans, but, fortunately,  I know this area of Hampshire County, Massachusetts,  a bit -- completely coincidentally, Hockanum Road is the street where my mother grew up, in a Sears No. 110/Silverdale that her grandparents built in 1911. She lived on the other side of the river, though, in Northampton (of course, when I saw that my F. R. Lyman was on Hockanum Road, in Hadley, Massachusetts, I was pretty excited! That made this search even more interesting to me.) Because of my familiarity with the area, I knew that Hadley and Amherst were by each other, and that the city directory for Amherst no doubt included South Hadley.  I hoped, then, that by Google driving different sections of Hockanum Road over on that side of the river, I might possibly run across a house that I recognized as a Sears house.

google map highway 91 hockanum road northampton and south hadley ma
Near Highway 91, you can see the Northampton side of Hockanum Road. 
Across the river, you see Route 47/Hockanum Road, in the Hadley area of Hockanum Road. The red marker is in the general area of Fred Lyman's Sears Collingwood.
But...  Hockanum is a very long road. And, it's very rural. And, it goes through several towns. And, some of it is across the Connecticut River, in Northampton, Massachusetts.  So, I began by guestimating what part of Hockanum Road might sit in South Hadley.  Amazingly, after not too much "driving" along the road, I found a house I recognized the look of. After checking against catalogs, I realized that I had most probably found a Sears Collingwood! I went with the assumption that this was quite probably Fred R. Lyman's house... but, I didn't have a house number to connect with him, and, to make matters worse, there was no visible house number on the Collingwood I had spotted, and Google maps seemed to be flipping between 105, 47, and 64 Hockanum (and all numbers in between), every time I made a move.

lyman family history 1950
The 1950 city directory for Amherst, Massachusetts.
Continuing with searching the city directories, after manipulating the search criteria, and flipping through more pages of city-directory listings, I found, and clicked on, the 1950 city directory listing for Fred R. Lyman... and, I got a street address number! There they were: 65 Hockanum Road. Amherst. Not South Hadley. Oh boy.

Of course, this meant that, in order to match up the Collingwood I had found on Hockanum, as Fred R. Lyman's testimonial house, I still had to find out for sure:
1-- that 65 Hockanum Road in Amherst, was the same thing as 65 Hockanum Road in South Hadley
2-- that the 1950 Lymans of 65 Hockanum were still living in their Sears house, so that 65 Hockanum would, indeed, be the address of a Sears house
3 -- that, hopefully, the Collingwood on Hockanum was sitting at number 65 spot

And, Google maps wasn't helping. When I typed in "65 Hockanum Road", it did not plop me down in front of that Collingwood! Where it pointed me was a good bit down the road... in front of a heavily wooded section of the road, with no house on it... or near it. As I moved down the road, the street numbers changed oddly. What I hadn't yet noticed, however, was that there was a mailbox on the road, a good bit to the right of the property of that Collingwood... and, in nice big letters, it read, 65.

Before I Noticed The Mailbox
Armed with a house number for the Lymans, and a Collingwood on Hockanum Road that I did NOT yet have a house number for (duuh!), I decided to further my search using Hampshire County's section of the Massachusetts Land Records website.  From searching my own family history there before, I knew that you could do (online) an easy "name search" or "address search" to get property information on deeds and mortgages (etc.) that were recorded at a date all the way back to 1948. But, I knew that my Collingwood was probably built in the 1930s, so I didn't think I'd find anything for Mr. Lyman, in that time period.  For anything earlier than 1948, they do have, amazingly,  records all the way back to the 1600s, I believe... but, you have to have a book number, and a page number, for where your record is located. And... you have to know which of the 24 clickable links in the list below, is the right one in which to input the information.

massachusetts land records hampshire county search
Your information might well be available, but, if you put it in the wrong database search spot, it just comes up, "0 hits". Then, you don't know if the information isn't there at all, or if  you're just in the wrong spot! I had practice with this website, from learning about how to use it while searching my family's land records, so it didn't take long until I remembered which was the correct spot. It always pays to read the directions, too :) That reminded me that I needed, "Unindexed Property Search", if I were going to search for records before 1948 (in the "Recorded Land") section. 

I decided to try to put in the address, anyway, and see if I could start by taking the oldest of the current records, and go back and back and back, through the successive book and page numbers, as the property changed hands over the years (each record always mentions in what book, and at what page, you can find the most recent previously-recorded transaction).  But, I didn't get a good list, and it seemed like that would take forever.

So, I decided to go ahead and try a "name search", in the current records (back to 1948), to see if Fred R. Lyman might come up. And.... lo and behold, he did!

masslandrecords.com lyman family
There was Fred R. Lyman... the first listing, dating from 1956.
And, what this "certificate" turned out to be, was a document showing when, after Fred Lyman died, his wife was given full rights to the "land and buildings" of their property on Hockanum Road.
lyman family history south hadley ma

But... it still did not give an address!

It did, however, give the book and page number of where I could find the original deed listing, and the date! Book 920, page 299, from January 18, 1937.  Armed with that, I was able to use the "unindexed property search" section of the "Recorded Land" portion of the database, and I got a hit! It lead me to the actual document of the original deed, when Fred R. Lyman, and his second wife, Ida V., bought their land from Joseph A. Skinner, of South Hadley.

masslandrecords joseph skinner
(Source: Massachusetts Land Records, Hampshire County, Unindexed Property Records, Book 920, page 299)
This little area of South Hadley was originally known as Hockanum Village, and the full deed's wording refers to the area that way. Unfortunately, however, it STILL did not give me a street address! Just a long legal description.

However, following a bit of a trail, I finally got a listing of more transactions for that same property, and finally found it described as sitting at "65 Hockanum Road". Bingo. That finally linked, for me, the land owned by Fred R. Lyman, with the land on which was sitting the Sears Collingwood. That was the testimonial house, for certain.
I don't even remember what transaction this was for, but I know that it was linked to the same property the Lymans' land.
The Testimonial Sears Collingwood at 65 Hockanum Road, South Hadley, Massachusetts
Here is the best image that I was able to get using Google Maps. It's not great, but, it's not too bad, and it clearly shows that the house is a Collingwood, even though it's not the best shot in the world. I'm headed out that way later this summer, and I may be able to get a better photo. Until then, here is Fred R. Lyman's house:

sears collingwood south hadley massachusetts
65 Hockanum Road (Route 47), S. Hadley (Amherst area), Massachusetts 

And, here it is, compared to the image from my 1938 catalog:

sears collingwood 65 hockanum road south hadley ma
You can even see that the panes in the front window are the same -- the 1940 catalog shows a slightly different window.
You can't see the other side very well, but there's enough to be able to compare windows to the floor plan images from the catalog:

lyman family history south hadley sears house
You can just see that there is a window, where there should be, on the right side, front bedroom.
Obviously, the porch has been enclosed or screened in, but you can see the right-side porch post, and tell it belongs to a Collingwood.

lyman family history south hadley ma

This shot, as covered as it is by the tree, does show the other two windows on this side, that belong to the bathroom, and to the back bedroom. You can also see the mailbox, with the prominent 65 for the street address. Prominent, yes. But it took me a number of passes to notice that, and realize that it belonged to this house, as it is a bit to the side of the property.

f r lyman sears garage

Here, you can see a nice little clipped-gable garage, probably from Sears, as well. The Tudor model garage was this size, with windows like this, but wasn't shown in the 1938 catalog as having clipped gables. I imagine that was an option, or that was offered in a garage-only catalog.

sears catalog 1938 tudor garage
Image from my 1938 Sears Modern Homes catalog (also available HERE, on Archive.org)
Some History About South Hadley and The Lymans
As it turns out, by the way, the Lyman family is actually one of the oldest families in Hampshire County! I don't know how far removed Frederick R. Lyman was from the earliest Lyman families of Hadley and Northampton, but he is no doubt related.  When I asked my mom if the name Lyman was familiar to her (because it did seem to ring a bell to me), she said, "Oh, yes, the Lyman family was well known in Northampton." I dug a little, but I didn't get too involved in the different generations of Lymans.  Still, I found sources that gave me information like this, about the Lymans in the mid to late 1600s:

lyman family history massachusetts
( Source )
And, then, in the same book, variously throughout the book, but definitely on pages 252 and 253, there are mentions of Lyman descendants in the village of Hockanum, and in Hadley:

lyman family 1600s
lyman family 1700s
That area of South Hadley where Fred R. Lyman lived, was known as the Village of Hockanum.
descendants of john lyman
Here, we see an Enos Lyman! There was an Enos Lyman living, in 1910, in the home next to Fred R. Lyman, on Hockanum Road.  Obviously not THIS Enos, but descendants naming their kids after early-settler ancestors?

I knew that Hockanum Road, had first been called, "Hocaknum Ferry Road", because, from the mid 1700s through about the first decade of the 1900s, there was a ferry that ran from the Northampton side of Hockanum Road, over across the Connecticut River to the Hadley side of Hockanum Road. I found a source that gave me information from around 1900, showing "Grandpa" Lyman, helping a little girl fish, at the Connecticut river  (she was from another prominent Northampton family, the Johnsons).

margaret johnson grandpa lyman connecticut river hockanum ferry 1906
I found another historic source that mentioned the Lyman family as purchasing land in the 1700s, in Hockanum Village, and that mentioned a Lyman as the first appointed ferryman, in 1755:
hockanum ferry

hadley ma history

I found some historic photos, showing folks crossing the Connecticut River, on the Hockanum Ferry, around 1900:

hockanum ferry northampton to hadley photo
This is labeled as crossing from Northampton to Hadley, circa 1905, on the Hockanum Ferry.
(Source)

hockanum ferry tickey 1800s mount holyoke
A ticket stub, apparently from the late 1800s, for the Hockanum Ferry, found in Hadley.
(Source)
hockanum road ferry 1900
This is said to be the Hockanum Ferry having just landed, in Northampton, on Hockanum Road, circa 1900.
(Source)
Civil War ("The Great Rebellion") Monument in South Hadley
Finally, one thing that I found very touching, was South Hadley's monument to the town's dead, during the Civil War... which is referred to with the term, "The Great Rebellion".
civil war monument south hadley the great rebellion
The monument was erected in 1896, and, in 2000, a plaque was added
with the names of those soldiers from the town who died in the war.
(Article made available by the South Hadley Historical Society; source for image)

civil war great rebellion monument haley ma
(Source)
This side of the monument is inscribed with these words:
                    "This monument is erected to commemorate the loyalty and patriotism 
                  of our citizen soldiers who fought for liberty and the union 
                  in the Great Rebellion of 1861-1865"

And, in 2000, the town added this plaque, with the names engraved upon it, of the town's young soldiers who died in the war:

civil war monument
(source)
plaque on civil war monument south hadley ma

There has been much talk recently, of the Confederate versions of these town monuments, meant to honor the memory of the sons of those towns, who died in the war.  Unfortunately, for so many of us, those Confederate monuments are also reminders of what the Confederate government shamelessly sent their young men to war for, which included a desire to continue a system that allowed for financial profit at the loss of human dignity for men, women, and children who were enslaved and forced into unspeakable conditions-- families ripped apart, women raped as a matter of common occurrence, men and women beaten savagely to force them into submission.  Where are the monuments to honor those families, and their losses? For every standing Confederate Soldier monument, there ought to be, right next to it, an equally grand and somber monument to honor the first-generation African Americans who suffered and died so that the shameful and noxious economic system of the south could continue. The loss of the lives of the no-doubt na├»ve young Confederate soldiers who were forced into battle to defend an economic system that should not have continued, is sickening and sad, and their families' grief is understandable.  But no monument to them should stand, without also including a plaque admitting to the shamefulness of the caste system of the south, and the systematic de-humanizing of the workers on whose backs the southern plantations earned their wealth.